Microsoft Windows logo software is a programming language and a graphical user interface (GUI) development environment that is used to teach basic programming concepts to beginners. It was first introduced in 1981 by Seymour Papert and his colleagues at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and has since been updated and improved by Microsoft.
Guide on Downloading and Installing Microsoft Windows Logo Software
If Logo Programming Software is not installed on the computer, we can get it for free.
After installation, it puts a Logo icon on your computer’s desktop.
The Microsoft Windows logo screen has two parts:
- A Drawing window above with a triangle-shaped TURTLE in the center.
- A Commander window is shown in the following screenshot.
We will write commands in the command line, i.e., the text box at the bottom of the Commander Window. To execute or run these commands, press Enter or click the Execute Button. We can also write and run more than one command online.
The command history will appear in the gray box. Click a line in the history to make it jump to the respective command line, and then we can make changes (if required). Once this is done, press Enter or click the Execute Button.
Microsoft Windows Logo – Turtle
The simple Microsoft Windows Logo Drawing Commands move the Turtle forward and backward and turn it right or left. The commands and their abbreviations are given below:
- fd – forward
- bk – backward
- rt – right
- lt – left
- cs – clear screen
Either version of these commands can be used. Except for the cs command, each must be followed by one value called its argument. The arguments for fd and bk are units; rt and lt are angles that can be any integer. A rotation by 360 is a complete rotation. Therefore a rotation by 375 degrees is the same as 1/15 degrees.
- Forward 60 or fd 60 means go forward 60 steps
- right 90, or rt 90 means right turn 90 degrees
- left 90 or lt 90 means left turn 90 degrees
- back 60 or bk 60 means go back 60 steps
- clear screen or cs means to erase all drawings. This sets the turtle at the center.
The graphics window has a coordinate system. The values of the two coordinates (usually called x and y) at the center are 0, 0. At the northeast corner, they are 250, 250; at the southeast corner, they are 250, -250. At the southwest corner, they are -250, -250, etc. It wraps around if the turtle tries to walk off onto one side of the screen. The right side wraps to the left side, and the top wraps to the bottom.
Many programming systems work on the same two-axis ‘xy’ coordinate plane, which we work with in Algebra.
Here, ‘0 0’ is the center or origin (no comma or parentheses here!). In its centered, zoom-“normal” state, the microsoft windows logo drawing screen shows an area of about 150 points up or down and 300 points right or left from the center.
The turtle can be directed with headings corresponding to a compass rose, with 0 or 360 degrees pointing straight up, 90 degrees straight to the right, and so on. You can set a variable to a number between 0 and 360 and then walk on that path.
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